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Cancer Screening & Diagnosis

Screening for cancer is one of the most proactive and preventive steps a person can take to detect a potential cancer early. This is especially true for those who may be at higher risk of particular cancers. For example, only those with certain risk factors may qualify for a low dose lung cancer CT scan that can detect cancerous or noncancerous lung nodules.

Knowing this, it’s important to understand your options for cancer screening and diagnosis. The University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center at Firelands Regional Medical Center offers a variety of screening options for those who qualify.

Breast Cancer Screening

Mammograms are a noninvasive test that uses x-rays to detect abnormal lesions in the breasts. Blood tests for breast cancer detection are a screening method that can be used to detect a person’s risk for developing breast cancer, but not necessarily the presence of breast cancer.

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommends every woman at average risk to have a clinical breast exam and annual screening mammogram every year starting at age 40, for as long as a woman is in good health.

Learn more about our 3D mammography services at the Firelands Center for Breast Care here.

Cervical Cancer Screening

Cervical cancer screening includes Pap tests, which can find abnormal cells in the cervix. Pap tests are recommended every 3 years for women at average risk beginning at age 21 per the NCCN and ACS recommendations. .

Colon Cancer Screening

Colorectal cancer can develop from precancerous polyps in the colon or rectum, and screening tests such as colonoscopy can detect these polyps. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control recommends men and women with normal risk begin regular screening at the age of 50. Those with increased risk factors should talk to their doctor about beginning screening earlier.

Lung Cancer CT Screening

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women. Screening can increase the chances of detecting many forms of cancer at an early stage when it is easier to treat. As part of our comprehensive, team-based approach to providing quality lung care, Firelands Regional Medical Center offers screening with low-dose computed tomography (CT) for people at high risk for lung cancer.

Learn more about a lung cancer CT scan, including a list of frequently asked questions.

Prostate Cancer Screening

A prostate specific antigen (PSA)-based screening can detect prostate cancer earlier than no screening at all. Because there is a risk of false positive or false negative results, this test is typically recommended only for men who have an increased risk of prostate cancer, which may include increased age, race/ethnicity (prostate cancer is more common in African American men than other races), family history, inherited gene changes, etc. Talk to your doctor to see if prostate cancer screening is right for you.

Skin Cancer Screening

Men and women can take an active role in skin cancer detection by paying attention to their bodies and any changes they may see on the skin. A total-body examination by a doctor may be recommended for those who have increased risk of skin cancer, or who have suspicious moles or spots on the skin. Talk to your doctor about screening for skin cancer.

X-Rays and Radiology for Other Types of Cancers

In many instances, doctors may use X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, positron emission tomography (PET) scans, or bone scans for cancer detection. These types of screenings can be useful for the diagnosis of cancers like bone cancer.

Learn more about our imaging and radiology services.


Doctors may take a biopsy, or a sample of tissue, from a tumor to determine if the cells are cancerous. Biopsies can include needle biopsies, which uses a thin needle to remove the tissue, or surgical biopsies, which require incisions through the skin to reach the tissue.

If you have questions about the cancer screening and diagnosis process, contact us by calling 419-557-7480.

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