The Heart Center at Firelands Regional Medical Center offers a broad range of advanced cardiac testing and procedures from experienced heart doctors. Our highly skilled team of cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and healthcare professionals is trained in the most advanced technologies available for the prevention and treatment of heart disease. In addition, the Firelands Heart Center is accredited in heart failure, and is an American Heart Association Mission Lifeline heart attack referral center, as well as a certified chest pain center.
Firelands Heart Center provides the following cardiac testing and treatment services from our trusted heart doctors:
- Surgical procedures, including open heart surgery
- Full-service cardiac catheterization lab with intervention
- Diagnostic testing, including EKG, cardiac stress testing, tilt table testing, echocardiography, Holter and event monitors, pacemaker clinic, EEG, and EMG
- Treatment of heart conditions such as atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease, angina, heart attack, and more.
- Heart Failure Clinic
- Cholesterol Clinic
- Cardiac and pulmonary rehabilitation
Understanding Your Heart
The heart is a powerful muscle and functions as a pump to circulate blood to and from the body’s millions of cells. The heart is located under the rib cage, to the left of your breastbone (sternum) and between your lungs. It is approximately the size of your fist and it is divided into four chambers. There are two chambers on the top and two chambers on the bottom. The upper chambers, or atria, collect blood that is returning to the heart from the body. They send this blood to the lower chambers, called ventricles. Then, blood is pumped to the rest of your body.
Blood flows from the upper to the lower chambers through valves. Valves work like one-way doors, letting blood flow through them in only one direction. Four valves control the flow between the atrium and the ventricle on each side of the heart. The tricuspid valve and the mitral valve regulate blood between the atrium and the ventricle on each side of the heart. The pulmonary valve regulates blood to flow from the right ventricle to the pulmonary arteries. The aortic valve regulates blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta.
In the normal adult, the heart pumps five liters of blood continuously though the body. The blood moves from the heart into tubes called arteries, then into tiny tubes called capillaries and finally into the veins that lead back to the heart. This cycle takes about one minute. During this time, the blood brings nourishment and oxygen to all the body’s cells in the tissues, organs, muscles, and bones.
The right and the left sides of the heart work together to pump blood throughout the body. Each side of the heart has specific responsibilities for pumping the blood. The blood moves from the left atrium to the left ventricle through the mitral valve. As the left ventricle contracts, it pushes open the aortic valve and the blood is carried into the aorta, which distributes it to all other body organs including the heart from the coronary arteries. These arteries wind around the heart to keep the heart muscle supplied with oxygen and nutrients for its continuous pumping job.
As wastes are produced, they are delivered through the blood to the right atrium through the vena cava. The accumulated blood pushes open the tricuspid valve, allowing the blood to pass from the right atrium to the right ventricle. After the chamber fills, the heart contracts and the pulmonary valve opens. Blood then flows from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery.
The pulmonary artery, which has two branches, carries blood to the right and left lungs. From the lungs, the capillary vessels carry the blood along the lungs’ tiny air sacs. As the lungs breathe, carbon dioxide is passed from the body and oxygen is taken into the lungs. During this transfer, the blood changes from purple or dark red to bright red.
After passing through the lungs, the blood is brought by the pulmonary veins into the left atrium. From there, the blood starts its course through the left ventricle and aorta again.
Ongoing Care for Your Heart: Cardiac and Pulmonary Rehabilitation
Firelands Heart Center offers complete noninvasive diagnostic and state-of-the-art rehabilitation services through the Firelands cardiopulmonary rehabilitation services. Firelands Heart Center, the largest facility of its kind in the region, provides comprehensive rehabilitation focusing on wellness and prevention for those who have suffered a heart attack or heart disease.
For more information about the program, call the cardiopulmonary rehabilitation department at 419-557-7689 or contact your physician.